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Vision and Hearing Screenings

Last updated: June 1, 2023

Vision Test

Vision Screening or Comprehensive Eye Exam: 
Know the Difference

  • Vision Screening: A short examination that can indicate the presence of a potential vision problem. It cannot diagnose exactly what is wrong with a child’s eyes.
  • Comprehensive Eye Examination: Generally lasts 30 to 60 minutes and is performed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. Doctors review medical and visual history; conduct additional testing; diagnose a vision problem; provide treatment; and refer patient to another doctor or specialist, if needed.

Children are referred for a comprehensive eye exam when they do not pass vision screening. Those who pass may also be referred if they are at a high risk of having a vision disorder because of a medical or developmental reason.

Common Vision Impairments and Potential Educational Impact

Impairment Definition
Amblyopia or lazy eye Abnormal development of connection between the brain and eyes
Astigmatism Irregular shape of the cornea or lens
Hyperopia or farsightedness Nearby objects are blurry, far objects are in focus
Myopia or nearsightedness Far objects are blurry, nearby objects are in focus
Strabismus or wandering eye Eye misalignment, oriented in different directions

Signs/Symptoms of Vision Impairments: Double vision, Blurred vision, Glare or halo, around light, Headaches, Dizziness, Nausea, Eye strain (tearing, burning, redness), Squinting or head turning, Closing one eye, Excessive blinking and Fatigue.

Impart of Impairments: Reduced attention span, Difficulty reading or doing close-up work, Difficulty reading or copying from board, Poor motor skills/hand-eye coordination, Impaired depth perception, Learning difficulties, Difficulty working from computer and Negative self-image.

High Risk Groups for Vision Impairments

Both genetic factors, including family history, and environmental factors play a role in the development of vision disorders. The presence of some vision disorders increases the likelihood of developing other vision disorders such as strabismus and amblyopia.

A number of neuro-developmental disorders, such as cerebral palsy, Down syndrome and autism spectrum disorders, are also associated with higher rates of visual problems.

The most significant preventable risk factor in children is maternal smoking. Children of women who smoked during pregnancy have higher rates of strabismus, hyperopia and astigmatism.

Local Low-Cost Vision Resources

Dr. Mark Preslan (Pediatric Ophthalmologist)
7671 Quarterfield Road #304
Glen Burnie, MD 21061

(410) 572-0655
Accepts State Insurance
For Eyes Optical (6 years +)
2560 Solomons Island Road
Annapolis, MD 21401

(410) 573-2020
Accepts State Insurance
For Eyes Optical (7+)
6718 Ritchie Highway
Glen Burnie, MD 21061

Accepts Most State Insurance
Tidewater Family Eyecare
137 Mitchells Chance Road
Suite 120
Edgewater, MD 21037

Accepts Some State Health Insurance
Vision Works (8+)
7000 Arundel Mills Circle
Hanover, MD 21076

(410) 799-2770
Offer Interpreter Services/Accepts Most State Insurance
Walmart – Optical Center (6+ know shapes/letters)
407 George Clauss Boulevard
Severn, MD 21144

(410) 582-9949
Accepts Most State Insurance

All Children See – For Citizens, Uninsured or unable to pay that have an eye concern.

Medical Assistance Program Enrollment and Resources:

Medical Assistance for Families (MCHP) Health Care
Enrollment Assistance
Administrative Care Coordination (ACC)
410-222-4791 410-222-7381 410-222-7541

School Vision and Hearing Screening Calendar

Anne Arundel County Department of Health vision and hearing technicians and school nurses conduct mandated vision and hearing screenings in public schools each year. The screenings are for children in preschool, kindergarten, first and eighth grade, and for students new to Anne Arundel County schools. Special education students receiving speech therapy may also be recommended for screening. Department vision and hearing technicians also administer vision and hearing screenings at private schools, nurseries and day care programs to ensure that the appropriate children are screened.

Children who wear glasses should bring them to school on the day of the screening.

Children are screened in order to detect vision or hearing problems that may impair a child’s ability to perform successfully in school. If a potential deficiency is detected, a letter is sent to the parents informing them of the results. If a child does not pass the vision screening, the child is referred for a comprehensive eye exam. The parents are advised to contact the child’s doctor for further testing and advice. Those who pass may also be referred for a comprehensive eye exam if they are at a high risk of having a vision disorder because of a medical or developmental reason.

Here is information on common vision impairments, the potential educational impact and high risk groups.

For more information on the School Vision and Hearing Program, call 410-222-6838.

Local Low-Cost Vision Resources and Health Care Assistance

Parent’s Guide to School Health

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