Breast Cancer

More than 400 new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed each year in Anne Arundel County. However, through education, early detection and prompt treatment, we are seeing that the mortality rate from both breast and cervical cancer is decreasing. It is critical for women to get educated and checked for these cancers. 

Breast cancer is the second most common cancer for U.S. women, after some skin cancers. 

In 2018, there were 477 new cases of breast cancer diagnosed in Anne Arundel County and 64 deaths from the disease.

The Anne Arundel County Department of Health’s Cancer Screening Service offers no-cost clinical breast exams, mammograms, Pap and HPV tests, and any necessary follow-up testing.

Call 410-222-6180 for more information. You will speak directly and confidentially to staff who will help determine if you are eligible for free services. After receiving all required paperwork, you will be scheduled for your well-woman screening appointments. Services are offered by a network of highly skilled, private county health care providers. The program can help women make appointments, find transportation, and pay with co-pays, deductibles or co-insurance.

You may qualify for no-cost services if you:

  • are 18-39 years with a family history of breast cancer or are having breast symptoms
  • are 40 years or older
  • have limited yearly income*
  • have no health insurance or have insurance that does not cover breast screenings or diagnostic services
  • are a Maryland resident

*Income eligibility changes slightly each year and is based on U.S. federal government guidelines.

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a disease in which cancer cells form in the tissues of the breast. Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer found in women and it is the second most common cause of cancer death among women. Although breast cancer in men is rare, it does happen. About 1 percent of all breast cancers occur in men. Survival is highest when breast cancer is detected early.

Risk Factors for Breast Cancer

Research has shown that women with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop breast cancer. A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of developing a disease.

Demographic Risk Factors:

  • Female gender
  • Advancing age
  • Personal or family history (first-degree relative)
  • Race/Ethnicity
  • Genetics (BRCA mutations)

Reproductive Risk Factors:

  • Early age of menarche
  • Late age of first birth
  • Few or no pregnancies
  • No breastfeeding
  • Late age at menopause

Lifestyle Risk Factors:

  • Overweight or obesity
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Alcohol consumption

Other Risk Factors:

  • History of radiation
  • Hormonal therapy use

What are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

Symptoms of breast cancer include:

  • new lump and/or pain in the breast or underarm.
  • thickening or swelling of part of the breast.
  • irritation or dimpling of breast skin.
  • redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast.
  • pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area.
  • nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood.
  • any change in the size or the shape of the breast.

Screening is the best way to detect breast cancer. If you have any signs that worry you, be sure to see your doctor right away.

Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations:

  • A regular clinical breast exam by a health care professional. A clinical breast exam is an examination to feel for lumps or other changes.
  • Beginning at age 40, discuss mammography with your doctor to understand the benefits and risks and to determine what is best for you.
  • By age 50, all women should receive regular mammograms. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are the best method to detect breast cancer early, when it is easier to treat. A mammogram can often detect a lump two years before it can be felt.
  • Know what is normal for you. Talk to your doctor about any changes you notice.

Additional Information

For information regarding women’s health, order a FREE Women’s Health Kit online, request one from the Learn To Live Line at 410-222-7979 or email Include your complete name and address.