Sexually Transmitted Disease Services
- Last Updated: 11.21.13
What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)?
Sexually transmitted diseases are infections which can be spread by having anal, oral or vaginal sexual intercourse with an infected person. Some STDs are also spread by skin-to-skin contact.
Anyone who has anal, oral or vaginal sexual intercourse can get an STD and pass it to another person. If a mother is infected with an STD, she can pass it on to her baby. Many STDs have no symptoms, and people can have more than one STD at a time.
STDs can be viruses such as HIV, hepatitis B, genital warts (HPV) and herpes. They can also be bacteria such as chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis. Even parasites can be STDs, since scabies and lice can be passed on during sex.
Not all STDs can be cured, such as STDs caused by viruses. All sexually transmitted diseases can be prevented.
Some STDs are:
- Bacterial Vaginosis
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
How can I prevent getting an STD?
The best way to prevent getting an STD is to avoid sexual contact with an infected person. One way to do this is by practicing abstinence. Abstinence means not having sex with anyone. Another way to prevent getting an STD is by having only one partner who only has sex with you.
People who decide to have sex, especially those who have multiple partners, must be responsible for protecting themselves and others from infections. Do this by knowing the right way to use condoms, and use them every time you have sex. Condoms can help prevent the spread of STDs. Though not 100 percent effective, condoms are the best protection. Even if using another birth control method, use a condom if there is a risk of STDs during sex.
What do risky behaviors, such as drinking and taking drugs, have to do with STDs?
When you drink or do drugs, it is hard to make safe choices to protect your health and well-being. Not abusing alcohol or drugs is a very important part of preventing STDs.
How can I protect myself from getting an STD?
- Practice abstinence.
- Have sex with only one person.
- Be sure ALL sex partners are examined and treated if an STD infection occurs.
- Don't use drugs or alcohol before having sex.
- Learn how to talk about condoms with all your sex partners.
- Use condoms the right way and use a new latex condom every time you have sex.
What if I have symptoms or think I have an STD?
STD Clinical Services provides quality screening, treatment and education services for all individuals who believe they may have a sexually transmitted disease. Through the Department's STD Program, Anne Arundel County residents who have or think they have an STD, or who want to be screened for an STD, can be evaluated and treated by contracted medical providers. Documentation of Anne Arundel County residency is required. For more information on STD Clinical Services, call the Anne Arundel County Department of Health, 410-222-7382.
How do I tell my partner I have an STD?
Partner Counseling and Referral Services are provided by a specially trained person who helps people diagnosed with syphilis or HIV/AIDS let their sex partner or other contacts know if they should be tested. This is done without naming the person who was diagnosed with the illness. Call 410-222-7382 and ask for the staff person who does "Partner Notification."
Physicians may request the assistance of the Anne Arundel County Department of Health in order to provide services for clients and their respective partners who are at risk or test positive for syphilis or HIV/AIDS. Services include providing referral services for counseling, testing, education, partner notification and case management. For more information about available services, call the HIV Program at 410-222-7108.
- Centers for Disease Control: General Information on Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Maryland DHMH, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD Fact Sheets)
- Center for Young Women's Health
- HIV/AIDS & STD Hotlines & Websites
- Teens and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Anne Arundel County (PDF)
- Sexual Assault
- Family Planning/Contraception
- Tips for Parents On Talking to Your Teens About Sex
- Diseases and Conditions
For more information or to request services, call:
Anne Arundel County Department of Health
HIV/STD Education and Prevention Program
1 Harry S. Truman Parkway
Annapolis, MD 21401
HIV/AIDS Programs - 410-222-7108
STD Services - 410-222-7382
Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.